Mental Disorders

Schizophrenia

Schizophrenia is psychotic mental disorder that disables social behavior, leading to extreme emotional arousals, false perception such as hallucinations and delusions, and withdrawal from reality. It is relatively a rare disease, affecting approximately 1% of the U.S. population, but the symptoms are often unsettling.

ADHD

Although Attention Deficit/Hyperactivity Disorder usually appears in teenagers, it can also be diagnosed in adults. It includes symptoms of trouble concentrating, impulsive and disruptive thoughts throughout the day, and daydreaming. These behaviors are uncontrollable and can affect career and relationships. ADHD is now readily treated with psychotherapy and medication. 

Panic Disorders

Panic disorders cause unexpected, sudden panic attacks in people, causing extreme fear and anxiety without warning. Panic attacks include symptoms of a pounding heart, sweatiness, and dizziness. Some develop specific phobia from experiencing panic attacks and constantly fear having another panic attack, significantly disabling their social and occupational life. 

Eating Disorders

About 90% of people with eating disorders are female adolescents. Under the social pressure of certain aesthetic standards, many experience eating disorders which are characterized by three types: anemia, bulimia, and binge eating disorder. Anemia is extreme starving and bulimia is binge eating followed by purging. Eating disorders can cause medical complications.

Bipolar

Bipolar is marked by extreme mood swings, alternating between the depression phase and a maniac/hyperactive phase. The periods and intensity of each phase vary for every person. It is often confused with depression because the maniac phase is less noticeable, but it should be treated distinctly from depression. 

PTSD

Post Traumatic Stress Syndrome is followed by experiencing a traumatic, tragic event and people with PTSD often have recurring fear of terrifying memories. Most well-known for PTSD in veterans, it can also happen to anyone with traumatic events, such as severe accidents, natural disasters, crime, and etc. People with PTSD may show symptoms of losing interest, lack of sleep, and feeling detached. 

A complete list of mental disorders can be found here.

Mental disorder is not a medical disease. For most cases, it cannot be proven that it is a physical condition. However, it can severely deteriorate one's health and must be properly diagnosed and treated. 

Most difficulty comes from diagnosis and willingness to receive treatment. Mental illness can be cured with proper treatment and persistence. Complete recovery can still be a challenge but it is not impossible.